Pinoy Driver

How to get an MTOP (Motorized Tricycle Operator’s Permit)


MTOP (Motorized Tricycle Operator’s Permit) is a necessary document for one to be qualified to use and operate a motorized tricycle for any livelihood purposes. Whether for a local delivery or transportation business. If you’re planning to use a motorized or electric tricycle for business or livelihood then you need to get a MTOP first and foremost. MTOP has a validity of three (3) years and local application fees vary for different cities and towns here in the Philippines.

QUALIFICATIONS you need to apply for a MTOP (Motorized Tricycle Operator’s Permit)

  1. Must be a Filipino citizens
  2. Partnership or corporation whose capitalization is sixty percent (60%) Filipino owned


MTOP Requirements:

  1. Community tax certificate
  2. Certificate of registration from LTO (original and photocopy)
  3. Proof of purchase or official receipt of purchased tricycle unit (original and photocopy)
  4. Barangay clearance that indicates residency
  5. Certificate or letter of reference from TODA
    Photocopy copy of driver’s licence
  6. Two (2) copies of 2×2 colored ID picture


Where to Apply?

MTOP application can be conducted at any Franchising and Regulatory Board office nearest your local town or city.


STEPS and PROCEDURES in order to get a MTOP

  1. Go to local Franchising and Regulatory Board office nearest you and present the list of requirements
  2. Present the motorized or electric tricycle unit to Traffic Management Group (TMG) at local municipal or city hall
  3. Proceed to Franchising section of Business Permit and License office and present all the required documents
  4. Wait for all your fees and charges to be assessed
  5. Go to the License division of the Treasurer’s office and pay all required fees
  6. Claim your MTOP and sticker


Fees and Charges:

Fees and chargesAmount in Php
MTOP filing fee₱50.00
Inspection fee₱20.00
Permit fee₱75.00
Franchise fee (paid once every 3 years)₱300.00
Fare adjustment fee₱50.00
Regulatory fee (paid annually)₱100.00
Provisional permit fee (paid every 3 months)₱75.00


Take note that these charges vary in other Municipalities, so to verify the exact fees and charges you may need to got to or phone the nearest local Municipal Hall where Franchising Regulatory Board usually is located.




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Posted in Advice, Driver's license requirements, Motorbike

New Number Coding Scheme 2018: Unified Vehicular Volume Reduction Program (UVVRP)




The no window hour number coding also known as the Unified Vehicular Volume Reduction Program (UVVRP) was implemented to reduce the seemingly unending traffic congestion in Metro Manila.

MMDA (Metro Manila Development Authority) stated that it’s effective from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. and covers 18 different areas within Metro Manila.


Below are areas and roads that are included in the UVVRP.

R-1: Roxas Boulevard — From C.M. Recto to MIA Road

R-2: Taft Avenue — From Lawton to Redemptorist

R-3: SSH (Pres. Osmeña Highway) — From Pres. Quirino Avenue to Nichols Interchange

R-4: Shaw Boulevard — From Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard to Pasig Boulevard
R-5: Ortigas Avenue — From Santolan to Imelda Avenue

R-6: Aurora Boulevard / R. Magsaysay Boulevard — From Legarda/Ramon Magsaysay to C5 Katipunan

R-7: España, Quezon Avenue, and Commonwealth Avenue — From Carlos Palanca to Quezon Avenue to Commonwealth Avenue, and to Mindanao Avenue

R-8: A Bonifacio Avenue — From Blumentritt to EDSA Balintawak

R-9: Rizal Avenue — From Carriedo to Monumento and Caloocan City

R-10: Northern Coastal — From Recto to C4


Included Circumferential Roads

C-1: C.M. Recto Avenue – From Roxas Boulevard to Legarda

C-2: A.H. Locsin Avenue and Pres. Quirino Avenue — From Roxas Boulevard to R-10
C-3: G. Araneta Avenue and Sgt. Rivera – From N. Domingo to R-10
C-4: EDSA – From R-10 to Macapagal Boulevard
C-5: Pres. C.P. Garcia Avenue — Commonwealth Avenue to South Super Highway


Other Major Routes

A. Mabini Street — From Samson Road to C-3 Road

Alabang Zapote Road — From Alabang to Real St./Quirino Avenue

Mc Arthur Highway — From Monumento Circle to Valenzuela/Meycauayan Boundary

Marcos Highway — From Katipunan to Sumulong Highway

Las Piñas City

Mandaluyong City

Makati City


Here’s the official MMDA Tweet of the UVVRP illustration.

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Posted in Car, News, Road rules

Types of Driver’s License: Classifications, Restrictions, and Conditions

Restriction codes are assigned for each type of motor vehicle the driver’s license applicant intends to operate. For example, restrictions 1, 2, and 4 are allowed for Non-professional driver’s license only.

Restriction code based on Gross Vehicle Weight* (GVW)

1 – Motorbikes or motorized tricycles

2 – Motor vehicle up to 4500 kg GVW

3 – Motor vehicle above 4500 kg GVW

4 – Automatic transmission up to 4500 kg GVW

5 – Automatic transmission above 4500 kg GVW

6 – Articulated vehicle 1600 kg GVW

7 – Articulated vehicle 1601 up to 4500 kg GVW

8 – Articulated vehicle 4501 kg and above GVW

Note: *Gross Vehicle Weight is the weight limit set by the automaker. It is the net weight of the vehicle plus the weight of any accessories, cargo, and passengers.


The applicant shall be assessed for certain conditions that might impair the driver’s capability to drive a vehicle safely. E.g., A mandatory eye exam will determine if the driver needs to wear eyeglasses (condition A) when driving.

A – Wear eyeglasses

B – Drive with special equipment for upper limbs*

C – Drive with special equipment for lower limbs*

D – Daylight driving only*

E – Should always be accompanied by a person without hearing impairment

Note: *Special driving conditions and special equipment to be used shall be the assessed by an LTO driver evaluator.

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Posted in Advice, Car

LTO Vehicle Registration and Renewal Process

All vehicles (brand new or second hand) should be registered in a Land Transportation Office (LTO) to make the ownership valid. This is what you call ‘vehicle registration.”’ Since this is a legal process, documentations are needed to prove the ownership of the vehicle. Aside from the papers that need to be submitted, there will definitely be fees to be paid as well before getting your vehicle registration.

Documents needed for registration

Below are the documents that you should prepare before you go to an LTO regional branch. These documents are obtained when you buy any brand new or used car from a car dealership company.

  • Original copies of registration certificate (CR) – when renewing
  • Latest official receipt from the dealer (OR)
  • Purchased compulsory third party liability (CTPL) insurance

Bear in mind that the required CPTL of LTO is at least Php950.00. If you are not sure that the OR-CR of the second hand car you bought is genuine, you can have it authenticated at the LTO Property Section, East Avenue, Quezon City. By doing this, you will be assured before paying any registration fees and will have the confidence to do the registration too.

Schedule based on plate number

If you are doing the initial registration or renewal of registration, then you should get familiar with the schedule of LTO based on the digits on your plate number. In the event that you bought the vehicle in a second hand motor dealership, you’ll have to retain and continue using the designated plate on it. Just like any other government issued identification number (SSS, Pag-ibig, PhilHealth), plate numbers are unchangeable. This rule is indicated in the amendments of Batas Pambansa Blg. 43: An Act Providing Number Plates to Owners of Motor Vehicles and Trailers.

See the table below to know when is the right date to go for your car registration.

Plate Number’s Last DigitMonthly Schedule
 1 January
 2 February
 3 March
 4 April
 5  May
 6 June
 7 July
 8 August
 9 September
 0 October
2nd to the Last Digit of Plate NumberWeekly Schedule
 1, 2, & 31st to 7th working day
 4, 5, & 68th to 14th working day
 7 & 815th to 21st working day
 9 & 022nd until last working day

To set an example, if your plate number is AJN078, you need to register your vehicle on August between the dates of 15 – 21.

Emission test

Before you go to your scheduled date, your vehicle should undergo an emission test first. You should go to the head of the emission testing center to pay for the emission testing fee, which is around Php410.00. The test usually lasts for an hour or an hour and a half. It often include stencil procedure on your car’s engine, which is sometimes free. The test usually includes a stencil (which is sometimes free) which is one of the renewal and registration requirements in LTO.

Presentation of documents

After doing the test, it’s now the time to present your documents to continue with the registration. The registration fee is Php1, 974.00. Make sure to follow the scheduling matrix above to avoid paying for a late registration penalty fee of Php200.00. If you plan to register or renew in a different regional branch, do expect an additional fee of Php100.00 for the change of location.After doing all the legal procedures above, your vehicle is now registered and is good to hit the road again. Enjoy the trip and drive safely!

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Posted in Advice, Car, Motorbike, Truck

LTO Eyesight Requirements for Driver’s License Application and Renewal

Having good eyesight is the most important and critical part of being a driver because driving relies heavily on the driver’s vision. Just like any other countries, Philippine’s LTO also includes eyesight check-up as a requirement before gaining a driver’s license. Philippine Academy of Ophthalmology or PAO strongly believes that is a must to set a visual standard for applicants to ensure safety and filter those who are physically fit for driving (day and night).

How does eyesight being tested?

Before getting your driver’s license, you will have to go through several procedures first. Right after taking the drug test, the eyesight test comes next as part of the medical exam of LTO. The testing site is conducted in the LTO office you are applying at. The test is just a basic procedure that follows the standard procedure of using a Snellen chart to check how far and clear your eyes can see. Do not wear reading or graded glassed to ensure that the physician will get your vision as accurate as possible. Negative findings or abnormalities on this eyesight test will result to driving restrictions that will later be encrypted on the driver’s license. But if you opt to wear a graded eyeglasses, it will also be included in your license stating that you needed them in driving. Any restrictions should be followed by the license holder. If not, traffic enforcers have the right to issue a ticket or arrest you if you fail to follow the restrictions stated on your license.

Below are the driver restrictions:

  • 20/50 vision qualifies for driving with corrective glasses/lenses
  • 20/60 vision qualifies for daytime driving only
  • Persons with cataracts are not allowed to drive at night

If you have one weak eye and the other is very strong, you might fail the eyesight test but still pass the tests of an optometrist. It would be best to seek an optometrist as well in this kind of case. An optometrist is a person whose job is to examine people’s eyes to find out if they need eyeglasses or medical treatment.

Types of vision used when driving

As mentioned above, driving requires good eyesight to avoid occurrence of accidents on the road. With that being said, below are the types of visual functions that are crucial to driving in accordance to PAO

1. Visual acuity

Most countries have this kind of criterion. Visual acuity describes how well you see details with your central vision. This is measured by the ability to discern letters and numbers at a given distance. It is assumed that if a person has this, it will be easier for him to detect and react to road signs, pedestrians, obstacles and other vehicles.

2. Peripheral Visual Field

Peripheral vision, also known as side vision gives you the ability to see and recognize things and movements that is already out of our central vision. This vision allows drivers to see and avoid curbs, barricades or height clearance and allows them avoid collision and see approaching pedestrians.

3. Glare and Contrast Sensitivity

This visual function is the ability to distinguish finer increments of light versus the dark. This is very important in driving in situations of low light, fog or glare that results to reduction of contrast between objects and their backgrounds. Contrast sensitivity is basically important especially in driving at night to avoid accidents.

4. Color Vision

Color vision is the ability to distinguish objects based on the wavelengths of the light they reflect or emit. This helps you recognize traffic lights, hazard warning lights and emergency lights indicators. It also helps you distinguish objects in color bands that are problematic.

5. Accommodation

Accommodation (or accommodation-convergence reflex) is the reflex action of the eye in response to focusing on a close object, then looking at a distant one afterwards and doing it vice versa. Accommodation consists coordinated changes in vergence, lens shape, and pupil size. Accommodation can be improved by doing a simple exercise where one would look at a distance then at something close to you and repeating the process over and over again.

6. Depth Perception

One contributor for achieving this is using your two eyesights. People with good binocular vision are able to judge distance accurately that allow them to maneuver the car and change lanes which are crucial skills in driving. If you happen to be monocular (one eyesight), it would be better for you to refrain from driving for a while until your vision has already  adjusted to using one vision.

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Posted in Advice, Car, Driver's license requirements, Motorbike, Truck

Here’s All You Need to Know About The LTO Medical Requirements


LTO has always required drivers to submit a Medical Certificate along with other documents such as application form and eye test result if they are applying for a driver’s license (e.g. student permit, non-professional, professional.) This is to ensure that the driver is mentally and physically fit since driving is considered as a physical and mental activity. Not only first time applicants are required to submit this, but also those who are applying for a renewal or replacement of license. Aside from the medical certificate, a negative drug test result is also included in the medical requirements.


How to get a medical certificate?


A certificate will be issued once you are finish with the medical exam. Medical examinations are done from an LTO accredited or government physician and government clinics or hospitals. Usually, LTO accredited clinics are just around the vicinity of the LTO office. There are times that these clinics are closed or unavailable. If such case happens, you can take the medical exam instead from a different clinic, just make sure that it is also LTO accredited. This medical exam usually costs around Php500.00 but still depends on the clinic you are going to take it. The certificate is valid within fifteen days from the date it was issued.


What should the medical certificate state?

The medical certificate should confirm that the applicant is:

  • mentally and physically fit for driving
  • drug free
  • not color blind and has good eyesight or needs correction glasses
  • able to hear clearly or needs a hearing device

Aside from what was mentioned above, all other existing diseases/medical conditions or disabilities should be declared such as:

  • high blood pressure
  • stroke
  • visual disturbances (glaucoma or cataract)
  • limb problems
  • dementia
  • diabetes

Make sure that you let the physician know all medical conditions you have as of the present since these conditions might affect your capability to drive safely.

Department Order No. 2015-014 has revised some guidelines for renewal of license. Within the department order, applicant’s medical certificate should now show the name, address, Professional Tax Receipt (PTR) number and Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) number of the Physician who did the exam if the applicant has the following disabilities:

A. Orthopedically Impaired

  •    For upper limbs: amputated left or right arm with prosthesis
  •    For lower limbs: amputated left or right leg with prosthesis
  •    Post-Poliomyelitis: with one paralyzed leg either left or right

B. Partially blind

C. Speech and Hearing Impaired

D. Free from highly contagious diseases (for PDL applicants)

Passing of fake medical certificates (forged, duplicated, or processed from a non-licensed physician) are not tolerated by LTO. According to the department, no one shall be allowed to have a license or even renew license using a fake certificate. If any license will be issued by accident, it will be immediately recalled by LTO and proper case shall be filed.


Are foreigner’s required to present a medical certificate?

Like any other Filipino applicants, foreigners are also required to submit a medical certificate even if they have dual citizen license. Foreigners need to submit a medical certificate issued by any licensed physician practicing in the Philippines.


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Posted in Advice, Car, Motorbike, Truck

3 Reasons Why LTO’s Online Plate Number Verification is Helpful

Some say that patience is a virtue. Others say that good things come to those who wait, while most Filipino motorists cry to have their new license plates. After all, they’ve already paid for it.

The Philippine government already expressed and explained to the public that it is doing its best to clear the backlog of license plates. As a testament to this, the Land Transportation Office (LTO) launched an online portal around two months ago wherein you can check if your new license plate is already available. With that in mind, here are three reasons why the LTO’s online plate number verification is helpful.

Easy Accessibility

The LTO online plate number verification portal is helpful for those individuals who purchased a brand-new car two years ago. The LTO online portal shows that license plates are now available for individuals who bought and registered their vehicle from July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016 in the National Capital Region (NCR). The website also shows the availability of license plates in other parts of the Philippines such as in Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, among others.

Information at your Fingertips

When you visit LTO’s website, the first thing you need to do is look for the icon that says Motor Vehicle 7-Character Plate Backlog Inquiry. Click on the icon in order to check the availability status of your MV license plate. Then, you need to input or type the 15 digits of your MV File Number to check the availability of your license plate. If the license plate is available, the LTO says owners can pick it up at the stated Authorized District Office or through the dealership.

Hassle Free

The LTO online plate number verification portal makes the process of checking the availability of your MV license plate hassle-free. You just need to go online; visit the link; and then type in the details needed. However, don’t get your hopes too high as the LTO previously said that vehicles registered before July 1, 2016 will not be able to get their seven-digit license plates for now. As such, you need to be more patient. After all, good things come to those who wait.

Posted in Advice

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